Along the historical northern Chinese border stands the mighty Great Wall, made from various local resources including stone, earth, brick, and wood. It was built to protect the ancient states against invasions from numerous Eurasian nomadic groups. Not much is left of the original wall, which has been rebuilt and enhanced a number of times. Most of the wall now standing is from the Ming Dynasty. The Great Wall spans from Liaoning's Dandong in the east to Xinjiang's Lop Lake in the west, and it skims the southern part of Inner Mongolia.
Juyongguan Pass was is a military barrier protecting the old city of Beijing, but it is also known for its stunning beauty. Its close proximity to Beijing makes it a frequent destination for tourists, yet its narrow and steep portions make it a true challenge for hikers. It is a great spot to enjoy pretty scenery and physical exercise on a world wonder.
Opening Hours: Apr1st-Oct31st:8:00-17:00; Nov1st-March31st:8:30-16:00
Entrance Ticket: Apr1st-Oct31st:CNY45; Nov1st-March31st: CNY40
Address: Juyong Pass, Changping District, Beijing, China
Badaling is the most famous and most popular section of the Great Wall. About 70 km north of Beijing in Yanqing County, Badaling is the best-preserved section of the wall. Built during the Ming Dynasty, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988 and is now a must-see travel destination for visitors from all over the world.
Opening Hours: Apr1st-Oct31st:06:30-19:00; Nov1st-March31st: 07:00-18:00
Entrance Ticket: Apr1st-Oct31st:CNY35; Nov1st-March31st: CNY40
Address: Badaling Special Area, Yanqing County, Beijing
The Mutianyu section of the Great Wall is also extremely well preserved and was used in the past as a northern military barrier. About 65 km north of Beijing in Huairou County, this section connects Juyongguan and Gubeikou. Its fortification and many watchtowers protected the capital and imperial Ming Tombs for hundreds of years. Dense woodlands and streams cover over 90% of its surrounding area, and because of this, it is known as the most beautiful part of the entire Great Wall.
Opening Hours: Apr1st-Oct31st:7:00-18:30; Nov1st-March31st: 7:30-17:30.
Entrance Ticket: CNY45
Address: Mutianyu Great Wall is in Huairou Country, 73 km (45 miles) north of central Beijing, about 1.5–2 hours' drive.
Duration: 3-5 hours
Known as the "First Pass under Heaven" in ancient times, Shanhaiguan is an important section of the Great Wall. It is situated at the eastern end of the Ming Dynasty Great Wall, and for centuries it guarded the narrow passage between Northeast and Central East China. The wall stretches to the ocean, meeting the Bohai Sea at Laolongtou (Old Dragon's Head).
At the western end of the Great Wall is the Jiayuguan section in Gansu. Built during the Ming Dynasty, it is one of the primary passes in China. Standing in a strategic location, it was an important military stronghold and an important trading pass along the Silk Road. It is built in the middle of the desert along magnificent mountains. The section contains a complex defensive system, with an inner city that has many buildings, an outer city, and a moat.